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河南郑州一物流园突发大火,爆炸声不断[多图]

yyzl 2018-8-18 11:15:01 火灾爆炸灭火 我要评论(0)

8月17日晚上10点左右,河南郑州市经济开发区第五大街的一个物流园突发大火,截止到8月18日凌晨1点左右,大火已经烧毁了三个仓库,第四个仓库正在燃烧,每个仓库的面积都在一千多平米,其中放有各类物资,大火在燃烧的时候还伴随着爆炸声,消防有序展开,目前火势已经控制。

河南郑州一物流园突发大火,爆炸声不断(1)

1、物流园突发大火

8月17日晚上10点左右,郑州市经开区第五大街经北三路的一个物流园突发大火。

截至8月18日凌晨1点左右,此次大火已烧毁三个仓库,第四个仓库正在燃烧,每个仓库面积都在一千多平米。仓库内放置有包括家具、酒水等各类物资,现场不时传出爆炸声。

因仓库空间局限,赶赴现场的三十多辆消防车无法一次性全部进入,只能采取部分消防车尝试进入现场救援,其他消防车在仓库外战备,仓库周边已全部戒严!

由于消防队员无法靠近着火仓库,现场还调动了一台挖掘机前往协助。但因火势太大,消防车、挖掘机均无法靠近,全部在距离火源40米左右远距离救援。

由于人员无法靠近,详细过火面积无法预估,失火原因还在进一步调查中。截至8月18日凌晨两点,火势已得到有效控制,暂无明火。

河南郑州一物流园突发大火,爆炸声不断(2)

2、仓库如何预防火灾

一、仓库在设计和建设过程中就要严格按照现行的消防技术规范和标准进行设计、施工,并根据仓库的使用性质按规范要求设置火灾自动报警、自动灭火设施、室内外消防给水系统等,从源头上防止火灾发生和控制灾害的发展。

二、仓库应当在法定代表人和行政领导中确定一名为防火安全负责人,切实落实消防安全主体责任,全面负责仓库的消防安全管理工作,组织学习消防法规等,对职工进行消防宣传、业务培训,提高职工的安全素质,定期开展防火检查,消除火灾隐患。

三、仓库保管员应当熟悉储存物品的分类、性质、保管业务知识和消防安全制度,掌握消防器材的操作使用和维护保养方法,建立并严格执行夜间值班、巡逻制度,带班人员应当认真检查,督促落实。

四、仓库应当按照国家有关消防技术规范,设置、配备消防设施和器材,消防器材应当设置在明显易取地点,周围不准堆放杂物,加强消防设施的日常维修保养,使其保持在良好的性能状态;库区消防车道和仓库的安全出口、疏散楼梯等处保持畅通。

五、仓库的电气装置必设计和施工安装必须符合国家规定要求,且由持合格证的电工进行安装、检查和维修保养,库区的每个库房应单独安装电闸箱,保管人员离库时,必须拉闸断电;库房内不准使用电炉、电熨斗等电热器具和电视机等家用电器,对提升、码垛等机械设备易产生火花的部位,要设置防护罩。同时仓库要按照国家规范的要求设置安装避雷装置,定期检测,保证完好。

六、库房内严禁使用明火,库房外动用明火作业时,必须办理动火证,经防火负责人批准,并采取严格的安全措施,动火证应当注明动火地点、时间、动火人、现场监护人、批准人和防火措施等内容。

七、高温环境下,仓库里堆放的化学危险品、罐装有压易燃液体、油质纤维、废旧塑料、硝酸铵化肥等物品,如果长时间通风不好,有发生火灾的危险。仓库应采取足够的通风措施,同时关注仓库内温度的变化,特殊的危化品应采取特殊措施。

河南郑州一物流园突发大火,爆炸声不断(3)

3、仓库防火需注意

1、可燃物多,火灾危险性大。

目前,大型仓库中各种物资集中堆放现象比较常见,如日用百货、纺织化纤制品、文具纸张、橡胶制品、塑料制品等,大部分混存在一个库内,一般采用堆垛存放、货架分层存放、托盘堆放等方式储存。堆放的物资数量多,密度大,可燃物种类多,火灾危险性大。有的大型仓库还另设有小仓库,单独存放贵重烟酒、营养品以及易燃易爆危险品等。

2、仓库人员管理

仓库人员管理不善,有乱搭、乱建、乱堆,甚至擅自改变防火分区、防火间距现象,消防设施不能完整好用等,部分仓库没有安排指定人员进行轮岗巡查,部分管理员吃住在库区,极易造成火灾隐患。

3、仓库照明管理

仓库照明管理不善,主要有仓库照明灯具选用不当、未按规定要求安装,施工质量差导致灯脱落、使用高温照明、灯位设置不当、用后未切断电源,辐射热积聚而引发火灾。

4、仓库火种

仓库火种控制不严。主要有违章切割、无证动火、违反规定操作引发火源,违规动火、玩火、吸烟、装卸作业中引发的火种。

5、危险物品的分类

危险物品、化学品仓库没有分类分项存放,通风散热条件不良,防潮防火、降温措施不力,堆放不规范,缺乏专业知识致使库存物品发生化学反应引起自燃、燃烧或爆炸。

6、仓库防雷设施不符规范

防雷设施保养不善或防雷设计有盲区,一旦发生雷暴天气,空气、货物湿度大,极易引发雷击火灾。

7、仓库耐火等级低、火灾蔓延快

许多大型仓库是租用过去的旧厂房改建而成,耐火等级低,建筑空间大,储存物资多,火灾时燃烧猛、蔓延快,再加上原先并没有按照仓储用途来设计,租用后为了方便储存货物,租用单位往往擅自改装、搭建,进一步降低了仓库的耐火等级。尤其是一些随意搭建的钢结构屋架的简易仓库,发生火灾时还会因大火烧烤降低钢结构强度,导致仓库倒塌、落顶。

河南郑州一物流园突发大火,爆炸声不断(4)

仓库中堆放的物品多了,也就可能存在较多容易燃烧的物品,因此仓库防火管理一定要做好,最好对仓库物品进行分类,对于容易导致火灾的危化物品做到更加严格的防护措施,一旦发生火灾,一定要及时采取禁忌救火措施,并且通知相关部门救援,最好安装火灾报警器,能够第一时间发现火情。

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