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患者术后坠楼身亡,家属索赔167万遭拒[多图]

ll 2018-5-23 8:48:52 坠楼自杀患者术后坠楼身亡躁郁症 我要评论(0)

现在社会的人很多都非常的浮躁,然后社跳楼、跳河、挑江等等自杀事件偶有发生,这些选择轻生的人大多是一些比较特殊的群体,受不了打击才选择消极对待,但是最近却有位中年人因为护士扎针多次而产生烦躁情绪最后砸窗跳楼自杀,那么跳楼自杀是什么心理原因导致的呢?

患者术后坠楼身亡,家属索赔167万遭拒(1)

1、患者术后坠楼身亡

  病人手术后坠亡 家属状告医院

  刘先生因意外摔伤在北京某医院治疗,并接受了手术,后刘先生在住院输液期间突然情绪激动,在用灭火器砸碎电梯间玻璃后坠楼身亡。因为认为医院没有尽到对患者的诊疗、安全保障责任,刘先生家属将医院起诉到法院,索赔各项损失共计167万余元。昨天上午,该案在石景山法院开庭审理。

  病人坠亡后家属向医院索赔

  刘先生家属的代理人称,2017年9月29日,刘先生因意外摔伤在北京某医院治疗,当天医院给他进行了骨折手术治疗,但手术后刘先生出现哆嗦症状。10月1日下午2时左右,刘先生情绪激动坠楼身亡。

  刘先生的家属认为医院没有对刘先生进行积极治疗,也没有保障刘先生的人身生命安全,给家属造成了极大的物质和精神伤害。家属将医院起诉到法院,要求其赔偿死亡赔偿金、丧葬费、被抚养人生活费、交通费、精神损害赔偿金共计167万余元。

  家属表示病人之前没有轻生想法

  昨天上午9点,刘先生的妻子与父亲来到庭审现场。

  刘先生妻子表示,丈夫住院期间,一直是她在陪床。事发当天早上输液时,护士不熟练,10多分钟也没有扎上针。到了下午,刘先生突然情绪激动,浑身颤抖。家属叫来护士后,停止了对刘先生的输液。之后刘先生冲出病房,并威胁家属不许再跟随。

  医院监控视频显示,刘先生站在窗边,并用手打砸电梯间的玻璃。经一名大夫劝解,刘先生向病房方向走去,但不久后又返回电梯间,情绪依旧烦躁,将手术后的纱布扯掉,持灭火器将玻璃砸碎。

  刘先生的妻子跑回9层骨科病房,向护士求助,但护士赶到5层时,刘先生已经爬上了窗台。后刘先生坠楼,医生赶到刘先生身边时,他已没有生命体征。

  家属表示,刘先生平常性格温和,工作努力,之前从来没有过轻生的想法。

  医院称坠楼属于意外不同意赔偿

  据了解,在该案送达阶段,医院曾表示,刘先生是自杀。他当天要抽烟,所以自己走到楼道边,后用灭火器将玻璃砸碎跳了下去。

  庭审中,医院一方表示,刘先生手术后病情平稳,语言交流也没有异常。从刘先生到事发现场再到坠楼仅2分钟,因为时间太短,医院没能成功阻止他的轻生行为。在刘先生坠楼后,医院的大夫也采取了急救措施,但检查时已没有生命体征。

  此外,十年前刘先生曾在这家医院做过脑血栓的治疗,家属代理人认为,医院应根据以前的病历对刘先生进行查验,但却没有这么做。

  医院认为,刘先生坠楼属于意外,医院无论是医疗过程还是设施建设都没有问题。医院没有责任,不能同意赔偿。

患者术后坠楼身亡,家属索赔167万遭拒(2)

2、跳楼自杀心理原因

  (l)矛盾心态。死亡对自杀者是既可怕又有吸引力的事。现实生活中许多有形无形的困难可以在死亡的幻想中得以解决和满足。但死亡必竟是可怕的,自杀者一面想解脱,一方面又向他人求助。

  (2)偏差认知。企图自杀者的知觉常因情绪影响而变得歪曲。表现为“绝对化”或“概括化”或两者交替。绝对化是指对任何事物怀有认为其必定如此的信念。比如“我做任何事都注定失败”、“周围的人肯定不喜欢我”。“概括化”指以偏概念,以一概十的不合理思维方式,常常使人过分偏注某项困难而忽略除死之外的其他解决方法。比如“我考试作弊,我爸爸一定不会饶恕我,永远不再爱我”。“我有缺陷,别人都瞧不起我”,从而自暴自弃,自责自怨,自伤自毁。

  (3)冲动行为。青少年的自杀意念常常在很短的时间内形成,因情绪激动而导致冲动行为,一想到死马上就采取行动。他们对自己面临的危机状态缺乏冷静的分析和理智的思考,往往认定没办法了,只有死路一条,思考变得极其狭隘。

  (4)关系失调。自杀者大多性格内向、孤僻、自我中心,难以与他人建立正常的人际关系。当缺乏家庭的温暖和爱护,缺乏朋友师长的支持与鼓励时,常常感到访径无助,最后变得越来越独,进入自我封闭的小圈子,失去自我价值感。

  (5)死亡概念模糊。企图自杀的青少年对死亡的概念比较模糊,部分甚至认为死是可逆的,暂时的。因此对自杀的后果没有充分估计。

患者术后坠楼身亡,家属索赔167万遭拒(3)

3、易造成躁郁症的原因

1、生理因素。老年人的各种身体疾病,如高血压病、冠心病、糖尿病及癌症等,都可能继发躁郁症。还有许多患慢性病的老人,由于长期服用某些药物,也易引起躁郁症。此外,老年躁郁症患者的家庭成员的患病率远远高于一般人群,其子女的发病率也高,说明此病与遗传因素有一定关系。

2、社会与心理因素。躁郁症的出现与老年期的各种丧失有较大的关系,这些丧失包括工作的丧失、收入的减少、亲友的离世、人际交往的缺乏等等。例如,老年人退休后对于角色转变在心理上常常出现不适应,巨大的落差会产生失落感,导致情绪低落。另外,交往圈子变窄,人际互动减少,以及亲友,尤其是配偶的去世,使老年人缺乏情感支持,也是导致老年躁郁症的常见病因。

3、个人因素。老年躁郁症的发生与个人的人格因素也很有关系。老年人在身体出现不适、或慢性病久治不愈时会变得心情沉闷,或害怕绝症、或恐惧死亡,或担心成为家人累赘,从而形成一种强大而持久的精神压力,引起躁郁。

患者术后坠楼身亡,家属索赔167万遭拒(4)

现代社会上经常网络、电视传播速度都非常快,因此很多人会受到网上负面情绪的影响而产生消极甚至轻生的念头,而像上文中的这位男士恐怕也是因为心里原因才选择跳楼自杀的吧,不然正常也不会因为护士多扎几针就要死要活的吧。

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