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抑郁症前兆的体现有哪些?抑郁症该如何治效果最好?[图]

wlj 2018-1-9 9:14:56 抑郁症抑郁失眠 我要评论(0)

随着人们生活水平的提高,有很多的人在这样的一个高压之下,心情都出现了很多的变化,当然最主要的是因为自己的心情因为长时间的不好,但是又没有起治疗,在这样的情况下,就很容易让人产生抑郁症,有抑郁症是很可怕的一件事情吗,当然要好好的治疗。

抑郁症前兆的体现有哪些?抑郁症该如何治效果最好?(1)

1、抑郁症前兆的体现

抑郁症前兆主要表现为情绪低落、思维迟缓、兴趣索然、精力丧失、自我评价过低,因而导致生活能力退弱和职业功能减低、工作效率下降。

抑郁症前兆具体表现如下:

1、抑郁心境程度不同,可从轻度心境不佳到忧伤、悲观、绝望。病人感到心情沉重,生活没意思,高兴不起来,郁郁寡欢,度日如年,痛苦难熬,不能自拨。有些病人也可出现焦虑、易激动、紧张不安。

2、消极悲观:内心十分痛苦、悲观、绝望,感到生活是负担,不值得留恋,以死求解脱,可产生强烈的自杀念头和行为。

3、躯体或生物学症状:抑郁病人常有食欲减退、体重减轻、睡眠障碍、性功能低下和心境昼夜波动等生物学症状,很常见,但并非每例都出现。

4、食欲减退、体重减轻:多数病人都有食欲不振纳差症状,美味佳肴不再具有诱惑力,病人不思饭或食之无味,常伴有体重减轻。

5、睡眠障碍:典型的睡眠障碍是早醒,比平时早2~3小时,醒后不复入睡,陷入悲哀气氛中。

6、丧失兴趣是抑郁病人常见症状之一。丧失既往生活、工作的热忱和乐趣,对任何事都兴趣索然。体验不出天伦之乐,对既往爱好不屑一顾,常闭门独居,疏远亲友,回避社交。

7、精力丧失,疲乏无力,洗漱、着衣等生活小事困难费劲,力不从心。病人常用“精神崩溃”、“泄气的皮球”来描述自己的状况。

8、自我评价过低:病人往往过分贬低自己的能力,以批判、消极和否定的态度看待自己的现在、过去和将来,这也不行,那也不对,把自己说得一无是处,前途一片黑暗。强烈的自责、内疚、无用感、无价值感、无助感,严重时可出现自罪、疑病观念。

9、病人呈显著、持续、普遍抑郁状态,注意力困难、记忆力减退、脑子迟钝、思路闭塞、行动迟缓,但有些病人则表现为不安、焦虑、紧张和激越。

10、昼夜变化:病人心境有昼重夜轻的变化。清晨或上午陷入心境低潮,下午或傍晚渐见好转,能进行简短交谈和进餐。昼夜变化发生率约50%。

要注意养成良好的生活习惯,保持乐观的生活态度,可有效预防抑郁症的危害。一旦患上抑郁症,要及时尽早进行治疗。目前药物治疗为治疗抑郁症最常用的疗法。选择性五羟色胺再摄取抑制剂(SSRIs)与五羟色胺和去甲上腺素再摄取再摄取抑制剂(SNRIs)为目前常用的抗抑郁药,但有较强的毒副作用,近年来天然抗抑郁药陆续上市,如德国进口的圣约翰草提取物(路优太);国内研发的巴戟天寡糖胶囊、舒解郁胶囊等。这类药物安全性普遍较好,作用靶点较多,作用机理相似或完全不同于传统化学药物。因这类药物应用时间较短,临床领域对其正处于一个逐渐接受的过程。

2、抑郁症该如何治

1、运动疗法

可以通过不同的健身锻炼形式来帮助人们减少压力,放松心情,从而可以减轻抑郁的情绪,让你精力更加的充沛,增加你的平衡性及柔韧性。

从总体功能上来讲,这种抑郁症常见的治疗方法安全、有效而且简单易行,但进行新的运动项目之前,一定要同你的医生商议。

2、番茄能缓解抑郁

据报道,中国与日本的研究人员发现,每周适当的吃几次番茄,就可以起到降低患抑郁症的风险,会让患者的心情更加舒畅。

科研团队分析了近千名70岁以上的日本老人的饮食与心理健康状况后发现,与那些每周吃1次或不吃番茄的人相比,每周吃2~6次番茄的人患抑郁症的风险降低了46%,而每天都吃番茄的人,患抑郁症的几率会下降52%。

同时,甘蓝、红萝卜、洋葱南瓜等食物对心理健康的帮助不大。研究者称,已知番茄内富含的番茄红素能抗氧化,降低前列腺心脏病发作的几率。这一研究可能意味着,番茄红素还能影响人的心情。

3、多参加一些户外活动

要经常的出门游玩,不要蜗居在家,减少社交活动都是很典型的抑郁症症状,因此大家千万不要把自己闷在家里,这样容易让你胡乱猜想。

你要强迫自己去找一些排解的方式,当伤心、焦虑、生气的时候,最好可以让自己转移注意力,尽量的多做一些户外活动,最好是根据自己兴趣,跟朋友家人一起玩耍。

4、对自己放宽要求

千万不要给自己制订一些较很达到的目标,要正确认识你自己的现状,正视自己的病情,不要去担任一大堆的职务,也不要对很多的事情大包大揽。

5、寻找乐趣

没有爱好的人多数生活单调,生活缺乏意义感,容易患抑郁症。要像种花一样培植一种到多种癖好,为人生找到值得积极活下去的意义。

这里的癖好是广泛性的,不过就人们目前的生活状态而言,尽量找一些劳累身体松弛大脑的活动,更有助于调节身心。

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