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痔疮最佳治疗方法是什么?怎么治疗痔疮最有效?[图]

zcy 2017-4-13 17:14:33 痔疮疾病治疗 我要评论(0)

如今痔疮是一种很普遍的肛肠疾病,俗话说“十人九痔”,就说痔疮的患病率是很高的,大家在生活中一定要注意防范痔疮。很多不良的生活习惯就会导致痔疮,患了痔疮之后是要治疗和好好护理的,那么,痔疮最佳治疗方法是什么?怎么治疗痔疮最有效?

痔疮最佳治疗方法是什么?怎么治疗痔疮最有效?(1)

1、治疗痔疮的方法

痔疮的最佳治疗方法一:冷冻治疗,这是一种比较高端的治疗措施,也是新兴起来的疗法。具有以下几个优势:1.具有良好的镇痛作用;2.冷冻后局部毛细血管有血栓形成,小血管坏死,血流瘀滞,有良好的止血作用;3.操作方便,不用麻醉;4.术后局部及全身反应小。但也存在几个不足点:1.复发率高,有报道复发率达30%;2.有水肿、分泌物多、尿潴留等并发症;3.易造成肛裂、肛门狭窄等。

痔疮的最佳治疗方法二:激光疗法,激光疗法利用大功率密度而产生的强电磁场,使组织产生电离,产生游离基,破坏了细胞的结合力。当激光束在聚丝后被活组织吸收时,在短暂的时间内可使组织凝结、烧灼而碳化或气化,可达到切割组织和凝固血管之目的。

痔疮的最佳治疗方法三:内痔注射术,这是目前国内采用最多、最普遍的治疗内痔的方法,此方法简单、快捷、见效快,病人痛苦小。但内痔伴血栓急性发作者、久脱肛门外之内痔、伴有肛瘘、肛裂、肛窦炎、直肠结肠炎,以及内痔糜烂较重者,均不可立即施行注射治疗,最好改用其他治疗方法。

通过以上介绍的痔疮的最佳治疗方法,希望对患者能有所帮助,选择适合自己的治疗方法,早日摆脱病情的困恼。

2、痔疮的危害

痔疮较严重者会导致或诱发心脑血管疾病,尤其是老年性患者,如患痔疮产生心理压力,不敢上厕所,长此下去会加重便秘,当排便发生困难时,患者用力屏气,可使心跳加快造成脑血管破裂,引起脑出血或脑栓塞;如果出现内痔嵌顿,疼痛还可诱发心绞痛发作;如有血栓形成,可引发肺栓塞。

痔疮最主要的症状是便血和脱出,大便时反复多次地出血,会使体内丢失大量的铁,引起缺铁性贫血。这是因为在正常情况下铁的吸收和排泄保持平衡状态,铁的丧失量很微小,正常成年男子每日铁的丧失量不超过2毫克,而便血的患者,若每日失血量超过6~8毫升则丢失铁3~4毫克以上。正常人体男性含铁总量为50毫克/每公斤体重,女性约为35毫克/每公斤体重,若长期便血,丢失大量的铁,使体内含铁总量低于正常,能引起缺铁性贫血。

因痔疮失血而导致的缺铁性贫血,一般发展缓慢,早期可以没有症状或症状轻微,贫血较重或进展较快时,则会出现面色苍白、倦怠乏力、食欲不振、心悸、心率加快和体力活动后气促、浮肿等,一些患者可出现神经系统症状容易易激动、兴奋、烦躁等,有人认为是细胞内含铁酶缺乏所致。以上这些症状均可通过纠正贫血、治疗痔疮后消失。因此若发现患有痔疮,应尽早治疗,以免出现上述症状,使治疗复杂化。

痔疮的另一个主要症状是内痔脱出。脱出于肛门外的内痔,受到括约肌的夹持,静脉回流受阻,而动脉血仍不断输入使痔核体积增大,直至动脉血管被压闭,血栓形成,出现痔核变硬、疼痛,难以送回肛门内。传统的看法称“绞窄性内痔”。但临床所见外痔,形成血栓的更多见,故多伴有疼痛,当痔核脱出不能送回时,亦称为“嵌顿痔”。长时间的痔核嵌顿,还会出现下列病理改变:

(1)坏死:痔核嵌顿于肛门外,由于一系列的病理改变,使局部代谢产物积聚,进一步加重了肛门局部水肿,加重了痔核的嵌顿,这是一种恶性循环。所以内痔嵌顿日久,必然出现坏死。此时的坏死常局限在痔核的粘膜部分,但亦有侵犯人体其它部分的情况。国外曾有报道:痔核内的血栓向上扩散,坏死区扩展到直肠壁,结果在盆腔内引起严重的脓血症。此种情况虽属少见,但必须引起临床医生的高度重视。

(2)感染:痔核嵌顿后,多有不同程度的感染,病人出现里急后重、肛门坠胀感明显等症状,此时感染多局限在肛门局部,如果强力复位,容易使感染扩散,引起粘膜下,肛周或坐骨直肠窝脓肿,若脱落的带菌栓子沿静脉上行,加上抗生素使用不当或未用任何抗菌药物,则会形成门静脉菌血症甚至脓毒血症,亦可形成脓肿。国外曾有报道因痔核嵌顿伴发的致死性门静脉败血症。

痔疮的危害性也是挺大的,它严重时可以导致或诱发心脑血管疾病,尤其是对于老年朋友来说,痔疮的主要症状是便血和脱出,主要表现是大便时反复的出血。若真的有这样的症状发生时,希望大家一定要及时到医院去检查,确认是这样的疾病症状是应该积极地配合医生的治疗,避免严重情况的发生。最后祝愿大家早日康复。

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