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小孩鼻炎的危害有哪些?小孩鼻炎该怎么预防?[图]

yyzl 2017-2-23 8:39:34 鼻炎咳嗽感冒风寒 我要评论(0)

生活中很多人都会患鼻炎,鼻炎是一种慢性疾病,一般患者表现症状主要就是习惯性的流涕,然后习惯性的打喷嚏,所以鼻炎的症状是很影响患者的生活的,鼻炎患者生活中也要注意预防发病。那么,小孩鼻炎的危害有哪些?小孩鼻炎该怎么预防?

小孩鼻炎的危害有哪些?小孩鼻炎该怎么预防?(1)

1、小孩鼻炎的危害

一、鼻塞、晚上睡觉打呼噜:因长期严重的的鼻塞症状,使孩子呼吸困难,从而会引发睡眠呼吸暂停综合症的出现,睡觉时严重缺氧,不及时控制病情,可诱发脑梗塞,或者是突发心脏病等,甚至会有个别患者出现夜间猝死的情况。

二、鼻炎病情的反复发作、引发鼻窦炎等严重的并发症:因为人体的五官通过呼吸通道、血液循环、骨骼连接、咽鼓管等之间有着密切互通的关系,这时要是慢性鼻炎一直都存在的话,炎症扩散慢慢的就会引发过敏性慢性鼻炎、鼻息肉、鼻中隔偏曲等等,这样一系列的鼻部疾病,继而就会慢慢的演变为中耳炎,或者是咽喉炎等,这些诶危机健康问题的疾病同样会尾随而至。

三、呼吸障碍、血氧浓度降低:人体只有正常的呼吸,才可以给身体补充足量血氧浓度,可是如果慢性鼻炎发作时间过长,那么患者的鼻塞症状就会变的极其严重,这时人体就会出现呼吸困难,从而使血氧浓度降低。

四、易引发鼻咽:鼻炎长时间的不治,很容易诱发鼻咽癌,耳内目前鼻咽癌发生的一个重要原因,就是因为慢性鼻炎的久治不愈造成的,慢性鼻炎作为一种发病情况并不是很严重,治疗起来也不难的鼻科疾病,本来应该是很好治愈,可是因为患者一直都抱有消极的态度去对待,才造成了病情恶化的情况,从而导致鼻咽癌的发作,危害到生命的健康。

2、小孩鼻炎预防方法

1、自我按摩

揉搓两侧鼻旁;早晚进行1次自我按摩,每次来回搓鼻50下。这是过敏性鼻炎的预防方法之一。

2、远离致敏源

致敏源会令敏感体质的人发生过敏性鼻炎。不同人对致敏源的反应各有不同。这也属于过敏性鼻炎的预防措施。

3、戒除不良饮食习惯

患者应避免或减少进食冷冻饮品、雪糕等;少食白菜、芥菜、西瓜哈密瓜等寒凉食品。这种过敏性鼻炎的预防比较常见。

4、蜂巢

除于普通蜂蜜有同样的成分和作用外,还具有蜂蜡和少量的蜂胶,对急慢性咽喉炎、鼻炎有很好的疗效。

5、蜂蜜

每天喝一勺蜂蜜。蜂蜜中含有微量的蜂毒。蜂毒是蜜蜂体内的一种有毒液体,但在临床上被用于支气管哮喘等过敏性疾病的治疗。蜂蜜里面含有一定的花粉粒,经常喝会对花粉过敏产生一定的抵抗能力。最好可以到认识的蜂场购买新鲜的蜂蜜。

3、鼻炎吃什么好

1、芥菜

芥菜头适量,大米50克。将芥菜头洗净,切成小片,同大米一起煮粥,做为早餐食用。芥菜粥可以通鼻利窍,适用于急、慢性鼻炎患者日常食用。

2、苍耳子

用苍耳子12克,辛夷、白芷各9克,薄荷4.5克,葱白2根,茶叶2克,将以上药材一起研磨成粗末,用开水冲泡,代茶频频饮用。每日1剂,可以宣肺通窍,适用于慢性鼻炎。

3、刀豆

用老刀豆(带壳)约30克,黄酒1盅,先将刀豆焙干至焦黄,研磨成细末,用黄酒调护,每日1-2次。刀豆有温中下气,益补元之功效,刀豆酒可以活血通窍,适用于慢性鼻炎患者饮用。

4、白萝卜煮水熏鼻

用白萝卜3-4根,将萝卜放入锅中加清水煮,待煮沸后,用鼻吸蒸汽,数粉分钟后,鼻子可渐渐畅通,头痛等症亦可随之消失。本方适用于慢性鼻炎、鼻塞流涕、语音带鼻音者使用。

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